Lipsius, Justus

   Flemish philosopher and humanist who revived the ancient Stoic philosophy of Seneca and Tacitus and tried to reconcile it with Christianity. The founder of Neo-Stoicism, Lipsius articulated in his De Constantia (1584) and Politicorum sive civilis doctrinae (1589) the mastery of emotions and the values of choosing virtue over pleasure as the proper paths. For Lipsius, the evils of society can only be resolved through constancy, which he defined as strength of mind, invulnerable to external events. Peter Paul Rubens' brother, Philip, was a pupil of Lipsius. When Philip died, the artist commemorated the event by painting The Four Philosophers (1612; Florence, Palazzo Pitti), a work that shows Lipsius surrounded by three of his pupils, including Philip. The artist stands behind the main figures, opposite a bust of Seneca. The four tulips in front of the bust, two opened and two closed, denote that both Philip and Lipsius had already died when the portrait was created. As further homage to those depicted, Rubens added the Roman Palatine Hill in the background, in antiquity the locus of learned discussion.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lipsius, Justus — • Biographical article on the humanist by Paul Lejay Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • LIPSIUS Justus — vide Iustus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lipsius, Justus — (1547 1606)    Dutch born humanist, one of the great classical scholars of the late Renaissance, also historically important for his philosophical works advocating a Christianized form of Stoicism, often labelled Neostoicism. His life (as well as …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Lipsius, Justus — ▪ Belgian scholar (Latin), Flemish  Joest Lips  born Oct. 18, 1547, Overijse, near Brussels died March 23/24, 1606, Leuven, Brabant [now in Belgium]  Flemish humanist, classical scholar, and moral and political theorist.       Appointed to the… …   Universalium

  • Lipsius, Justus — See Renaissance philosophy outside Italy …   History of philosophy

  • LIPSIUS, JUSTUS —    an erudite Belgian scholar, with fast and loose religious principles; was the author of numerous learned works (1547 1579) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • LIPSIUS, Justus (Joest Lips) — (1547–1606)    Scholar. Born in Flanders, Lipsius became famous in the field of classical philology, history, and political theory. He was a professor at various universi ties: in Jena, Germany, where he converted to Lutheranism; in Lei den… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Justus Lipsius — (eigentlich Joest Lips; * 18. Oktober 1547 in Overijse (Flämisch Brabant); † 23. März 1606 in Löwen) war ein niederländischer Rechtsphilosoph und Philologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Justus Hermann Lipsius — (* 9. Mai 1834 in Leipzig; † 5. September 1920 in Leipzig) war ein deutscher klassischer Philologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Justus Lipsius-Gebäude — Das Justus Lipsius Gebäude ist der Sitz des Rates der Europäischen Union in Brüssel. Das Ratsgebäude ist auf einem Gelände errichtet worden, durch das früher die Justus Lipsius Straße führte, welche die Rue de la Loi/Wetstraat mit der Rue… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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